Xunzi (Hsun Tzu)

Xunzi / Hsun Tzu (312 – 230 BCE)

“Music embodies an unchanging harmony, while rites represent unalterable reason. Music unites that which is the same, rites distinguish that which is different; and through the combination of rites and music the human heart is governed.”

  • From Hsün Tzu’s Basic Writings (chapter/section 20), translated by Burton Watson (Columbia University Press, 1963, 1996).


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