Sima Qian


Sima Qian (C. 145-90 BCE)

“The enlightened ruler raises up those people who would otherwise be overlooked. The humble he makes eminent, the poor he enriches, the distant he draws close to him. Then those both high and low can be won over and the nation will be secure.”

  • From a speech delivered by Zhao Gao in the Records of the Grand Historian (Shi Ji, 6) by Sima Qian. Translated by Burton Watson (Columbia University Press, 1993).

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